Download progress charts and all the answers for AQA A Level PE Specification. The exam board will change the way it asks questions but below is a summary of all the definitions and explanations you will need.

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Cardiovascular System

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  • Understanding the impact of physical activity and sport on cardiac output and its components
  • The hormonal, neural and chemical regulation of responses during physical activity and sport
  • Receptors involved in regulation of responses during physical activity
  • Transportation of oxygen
  • Venous return
  • Starling's Law of the Heart
  • Cardiovascular Drift
  • Arterio-venous oxygen difference

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Respiratory System

  • Understanding of lung volumes and the impact of and on physical activity and sport
  • Gas exchange systems at alveoli and muscles
  • The hormonal, neural and chemical regulation of pulmonary ventilation during physical activity and sport
  • Receptors involved in regulation of pulmonary ventilation during pulmonary ventilation during physical activity

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Neuromuscular

  • Characteristics and functions of different muscle fibre types for a variety of sporting activities
  • Nervous system
  • Role of proprioceptors in PNF (Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation)
  • The recruitment of muscle fibres

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Musculo-Skeletal System and Analysis of Movement

  • Joint actions in the sagittal plane/transverse axis
  • Joint actions in the frontal plane/sagittal axis
  • Joint actions in the transverse plane/longitudinal axis
  • Types of joint, articulating bones, main agonists and antagonists, types of muscle contraction

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Energy Systems

  • Energy transfer in the body
  • Energy continuum of physical activity
  • Energy transfer during short duration/high-intensity exercise
  • Energy transfer during long duration/lower intensity exercise
  • Factors affecting VO2 max/aerobic power
  • Measurements of energy expenditure
  • Impact of specialist training methods on energy systems