Sports Injuries

For information on specific sports injuries please visit our sister site Below we explain the more common injuries which affect particular sports including throwing injuries, cricket injuries, netball, hockey, rugby, skiing, running and more.

Soccer (or football in Europe) is the most popular sport in the world, at both grassroots and international level. Its popularity is due to the relative simplicity of the game as well as the accessibility and inexpensive nature of equipment and opportunities.

Tennis, being a completely non-contact sport, has a lower incidence of injury, or at least acute, traumatic injury, that sports such as football. The majority of tennis injuries are more chronic overuse injuries such as tendonitis.

Volleyball is still growing in popularity and is played in over 200 countries worldwide. The FIVB (Federation Internationale de Volleyball), the international governing body for the sport (equivalent to FIFA in soccer) has 218 member nations, which is more than any other international governing body for any other sport.

Running is the exercise of choice for many individuals, who see it as an expense-free way of maintaining their cardiovascular fitness and in many cases, body weight. Runners may enter races over distances from 5 kilometers up to marathons or may run simply for their own enjoyment and health benefits.

Over the past fifteen to twenty years, improvements in skiing equipment and studies into the causes of skiing injuries have contributed towards a decrease in the rate of injuries sustained by amateur skiers. By far the most commonly injured body part for skiers is the knee.

Ice hockey is probably the most fast-paced team game in the world. It also has the reputation of being dangerous and violent. Both of these factors lead to a high incidence of injuries.

Rugby is a tough, competitive contact sport which involves players tackling each other head-on and using their full force to move the opposition. Contact occurs in scrums and rucks, as well as tackles on a player running with the ball.

Field hockey presents numerous opportunities for injuries due to the fast-paced, repetitive actions of the sport and the use of a long, hard stick and equally hardball. A high proportion of these injuries can be prevented by ensuring the correct protective equipment is worn.

Netball is a non-contact sport, played mainly by women on a small, hard court. This reduces the risk of injury in the game. However, the fast-paced, sudden change of motion and jumping aspects of the game can lead to a higher risk of certain injuries.

Basketball is a fast-paced sport involving the entire body in explosive movements to leap, bound, shoot and block. Before 1950 all shots must be taken with one foot in contact with the ground.

Cricket is a relatively slow-paced and safe sport to take part in, providing the batsmen wear the correct protective equipment! However, the slow pace can be a disadvantage as fielders especially, find it difficult to keep their shoulder and arm muscles warm to prevent injury, in between action.

Throwing places a lot of stress on the shoulder and elbow joints in particular. Throwing is a major component of many sports such as baseball, netball, and basketball as well as a number of athletic events such as discus, shot put, javelin and hammer.

American football is played widely in the U.S.A. and Canada but is only now slowly gaining popularity across the rest of the world. Due to the high impact nature of the sport, injuries are commonplace. A high school football player can expect an 85% risk of injury, compared to a more appealing 36% for high school soccer.

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